Plenary Speakers

International conference
17th DAYS OF APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY
Psychology in the function of the well-being of the individual and society


THE PLACE OF VALUES IN HUMAN LIFE


As the guidelines of human attitudes and behavior, the values are extremely important for individuals and for the society. All major societal flaws (violence, war, aggression, criminal, delinquency, lawlessness, corruption, ecological devastation, terrorism, totalitarianism, exploitation, misery, poverty, hunger, starvation, ignorance, fanaticism and others) are result of behavior that is as odd with basic human values. Thus, a value-congruent behavior is a necessary condition for stable and successful society and the strengthening of value-aligned behavior is a planetary task.

Psychological research convincingly demonstrated that the values represent and occupy a great field of attitudes and beliefs, one of the three great domains of the psychological trilogy (personality; attitudes, beliefs and values; cognitive abilities). In psychology, we need a clear and elaborated theoretical explanation of values. A comprehensive theoretical model of values (CTV) was therefore developed in last decades. It comprises all important aspects of the values: the structure, hierarchical organization, development, cross-cultural validity and differences, connections to other important psychological and behavioral domains and the role of values in our life.

The knowledge of values is necessary, yet it is not enough in order to cope with all risks of individual and societal welfare. Another requirement is therefore crucial, namely the abovementioned alignment of values and behavior. Values that are not accomplished or realized in our behavior are useless. Thus, the research of value–behavior relations is extremely important in psychology. It is one of essential pillars in the scientific basis of a stable society and has therefore tremendous practical consequences. It also brings us closer to the perennial question connected with the role of values in our life: does the behavior that is aligned and congruent with values make us happier or not. Thus, the final part of my lecture will be focused on the empirical answers to that question. And, as research results are proving, the life and behavior which are congruent with the values factually correlate with the happiness and general wellbeing.



Janek Musek | Professor Emeritus, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia

Website: https://www.jmusek.com

Study of psychology (1964-1968), Diploma of Psychology (1968), PhD (1976) all at the Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts and Sciences (Philosophical Faculty), University of Ljubljana. Professional work as assistant (1970), assistant professor (1977), associate professor or docent (1981), full professor (since 1988) at the Department of psychology in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, University of Ljubljana, Professor Emeritus (since 2015). Courses and lectures include introduction to psychology, personality, differential psychology, motivation and emotion, cognitive psychology and history of psychology. Head of Department of psychology (1980-1982), vice-dean of faculty of Arts and Sciences (1984-1986), vice-rector of the University of Ljubljana (1996-1998). Engaged in more than twenty basic research projects, mostly as the project (program group) leader or principal investigator. Major research fields: personality psychology, individual differences, cognitive psychology, positive psychology, history of psychology (more specifically: personality structure, well-being, values, symbolism, decision making). Most known as author of a theory of personality structure (The General Factor of Personality, The Pyramidal Model of Personality Structure) and a theory of values (The Comprehensive Theory of Values, Dionysian and Apollonian Values Framework). About 200 scientific articles, 35 textbooks and scientific monographs including The General Factor of Personality, textbook edited by Elsevier Academic Press (2017). Active participation in numerous national and international scientific conferences and congresses; coordinator or organizer of several national and international scientific congresses. Mentor to 37 PhD and 50 MA Degree students.




 




THE INTERGENERATIONAL TRANSMISSION OF BODY IMAGE

Body image – which can be understood as the collection of internal representations about one’s body – is an important psychological construct that relates to various aspects of the self, including self-esteem, interpersonal relationships, and self-efficacy. Dr. Knafo will discuss the developmental trajectory of body image from infancy to adulthood and its relation to parent-child attachment. Several studies using a unique paradigm called the Mirror Interview (MI; Kernberg, Buhl-Neilsen & Normandin, 2007) have provided rich data illustrating the effects of attachment patterns, cultural influences, and psychopathology on body image throughout development (e.g., toddlers, school-aged children, adolescents, and adults). These studies will be presented as well as new pilot data from a study utilizing the MI to investigate body and attachment representations in women diagnosed with perinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs).



Hannah Knafo | Assistant Professor, Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine, Hofstra University, USA

Web site: http://www.drhannahknafo.com

Hannah Knafo, PhD is a Clinical Psychologist in New York City. Dr. Knafo completed her doctoral training at The New School for Social Research and completed her pre-doctoral internship and post-doctoral training at Montefiore Medical Center (Under Five Program / Children’s Evaluation & Rehabilitation Center). She is currently on faculty (Assistant Professor of Psychiatry) at the Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra University and co-leads a clinical team in the Perinatal Psychiatry Center at Zucker Hillside Hospital. Dr. Knafo is also on Faculty at the National Institute for Psychotherapies where she teaches courses on Attachment Theory. Dr. Knafo conducted her doctoral research on the intergenerational transmission of body image at The Center for Attachment Research, for which she won a dissertation award in 2017. Dr. Knafo’s clinical interests follow closely with her research interests, with clinical expertise in delivering psychodynamic psychotherapy to treat parenting stress, perinatal mood and anxiety disorders, body image dissatisfaction, intergenerational transmission of trauma, and other attachment-related issues.



 



QUALITATIVE RESEARCH INTO THE FIELD OF WELL-BEING AT WORK: PUTTING RESEARCH INTO PRACTICE

Qualitative research can be defined as a method of research that produces descriptive (non-numerical) data, with the goal of examining how individuals or groups perceive the world from different vantage points. Over the last couple of decades, qualitative methods have been employed in various fields of work and organizational psychology. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of key qualitative research studies and findings in the domain of well-being at work published in the last decade. The focus of the paper will be twofold: (1) to explore the methodological characteristics of qualitative studies into well-being at work; (2) to explore implications of qualitative data in terms of their practical implications. The paper will contribute to the effort of synthesizing qualitative data and their meaning for practitioners and decision makers in the field of organizational interventions.

Jelena Pavlović | Jelena Pavlović, PhD is assistant professor at the Department of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade. Her area of expertise is organizational learning and development, especially from the perspective of qualitative data. She serves as Associate Editor for Qualitative Research of Journal of Constructivist Psychology and as Honorary Research Fellow at International Society for Coaching Psychology.