SITUATIONS, LIFE EVENTS AND PERSONALITY TRAITS: AN INTRODUCTION
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Novi Sad
27. 9. 2019. 13:45–15:15 room 434
The problem of relations among personality traits, situations, and life events, as well as of their specific and joint effects on behavior, is one of the crucial issues in personality psychology. In recent years, the research in this field has intensified due to advances in technology and significantly improved conditions for conducting cross-cultural studies. The growing popularity of situation-related studies is affected by the inclinations to explore personality "in context" – in other words, in interplay with controllable or uncontrollable environmental factors. Among the studies in this field, one may single out several particularly relevant lines of studies. Line a) implies examining the structure of the descriptors of situations, both from the psycholexical (utilizing mostly the "inductive" methodological strategy) and theoretically grounded aspects (employing "rational" strategies, fashioned after personality studies). Line b) comprises cross-cultural studies, whose general aim is to examine the stability and replicability of situation perception models. Line c) regards the tendencies to develop and test an acceptable model which would connect personality traits, situational features, situation perception, and observable behavior. Besides the research in the field of personality – situation relations, the studies that attempt to determine the effects of environmental factors on behavior in a much broader time frame are particularly relevant. The concepts central to these studies are life events and life history. This set of studies is not homogenous either – life events are explored both from the atheoretical perspective and from the perspectives of established theories, such as evolutionary theory. In this symposium, the results of studies of situations, life events, and situations will be presented. Two of the presentations address situations, and they are a part of the International Situations Project, comprising sixty-five countries, including Serbia. Two presentations are dedicated to the validation of the Serbian translation of a measure of the Life History Theory, and the development of a new life events questionnaire, respectively.
Key words: situations, life events, life history, personality traits.
ADVERSE CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES: MANIFESTATIONS, IMPLICATIONS, AND CORRELATES
Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics & Department of Psychology, University of Banja Luka
27. 9. 2019. 16:30–18:00 room 434
Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) represent distressful, potentially traumatic experiences, that a person experiences during childhood or adolescence. The growing body of evidence, among which are the findings of a large longitudinal ACE study, which began in the mid-1990s and continues to date, shows that ACE is a robust predictor of a wide range of lifelong social, psychological, physical, academic, and other problems and difficulties. The association of ACEs with many undesirable outcomes in not only correlational in nature, but there is likely a causal relationship between the ACEs and such outcomes. This makes the ACEs to be among of the most important topics in psychology and related scientific disciplines. Consequently, the aim of this symposium is to present to the public some of the main findings regarding the manifestations and implications that early trauma, abuse and neglect may have on various aspects of the functioning of the individual, with an accent on the results of a small but growing number of research efforts regarding this topic from our speaking area.
Key words: Adverse Childhood Experiences, manifestations, implications, correlates.
STUDY OF WORK-FAMILY RELATIONS IN SERBIA 2018-2019
Vladimir Hedrih, Nikola Ćirović
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Niš
27. 9. 2019. 18:15–19:45 room 434
28. 9. 2019. 14:00–15:30 room 434
During winter 2018-2019, the research team of the project 179002 financed by the Ministry of education, science and technological development of the Republic of Serbia conducted a series of studies on a joint geographical cluster sample from the general population of Serbia. This study is a follow-up of the Study of diversity of work-family relations in Serbia at the beginning of the 21th century, that was conducted by the same project team in the period 2011-2015. The total sample of the current study consisted of 1258 participants of working age living in 37 urban and rural locations distributed through 20 administrative districts of Serbia. Locations were either a part of a larger city or strings of smaller settlements and villages which the team could cover in a day. Care was taken that these locations be with at least a minimum concentration of population to make a data collection day efficient and for this reason isolated mountain hamlets or hard-to-reach villages with few inhabitants were not considered for data collection. For different reasons (insufficient populations size, logistical reasons), data collection was not carried out in 5 administrative districts and in the territory of the Kosovo and Metohija province. Data collection was carried out by teams of interviewers who travelled through Serbia and visited potential participants in their homes. It was carried out mostly during weekends in hope of finding employed participants at home. The participants were asked to complete the PORPOS-3 battery, an integrated instrument containing a number of short scales and individual questions measuring various constructs in the area of work, family, personality, work-family relations, mental health and collecting an array of demographic data. The whole battery and all scales comprising it were in Serbian. The battery itself was a composite created in order to accommodate data needed by various studies planned by the members of the research team, with the data collection being a shared research for everyone. The current symposium will present some of the findings collected in this study.
Key words: work-family relations, Serbia, career, vocation, family.
UNDERSTANDING SEXUAL RELATED BEHAVIOR IN STUDENTS: PERSONALITY, EMOTIONS AND ATTITUDES
Psychological Counseling Center for Students within Students' Cultural Center Niš
28. 9. 2019. 12:15–13:45 room 434
The focus of this symposium is directed to a psychological perspective in which sexuality is viewed as an integral part of a young person's life, and especially determined by her personality, previous experiences, and attitudes towards important personal and social issues. The quality of interactions that we make within intimate relationships was assessed over individual characteristics for perceived relationship satisfaction and the quality of emotional attachment with a partner. Taking into account the various aspects of relationship satisfaction, special attention is devoted to relationship satisfaction in these papers through a multifaceted approach and theory that can provide a wider context than the traditional approach, including sexual behavior as one of the basic components that should be the key to the relationship quality. Besides mentioned, one focus of this line of inquiry has been to determine the nature of the association between pornography use and sexual and relationship satisfaction. In addition to pornography, the focus is on masturbation, which is an alternative way of achieving sexual arousal, associated with the consumption of pornographic content. Research questions refer to testing potential adverse effects of pornography on loyalty and sexual intercourse aspects of the relationship. Some personal determinants, such as a (cognitive) representation of one’s body image, were also examined. Although social attitudes are not directly related to the topic of sexuality, researchers have also recognized attitudes towards certain forms of sexual behavior such as homosexuality can be a societal context in with such behavior takes place with an underlying idea that such a context can lead to discrimination against homosexuality or homosexuals, associating these attitudes with conservative and rigid thinking. Conducted at the University of Niš, this research is of particular importance because it raises important questions for understanding sexuality in general, and later for continuing activities in the field of mental health of students and the community.
Key words: sexuality, students, personality, emotions, attitudes.
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