“MY BODY, MY HOME" – BODY PSYCHOTHERAPY EXPERIENTIAL WORKSHOP
27. 9. 2019. 16:30–18:00 room 305
For a long period of time, body was neglected in psychology and psychotherapy, focusing only on the mind and verbal communication. In the last few decades, psychology and neuropsychology are (finaly) starting to acknowledge the body as an inseparable part of one integrity. We are getting familiar with new terms, such as embodiment, mindfulness, somatic countertransference, somatic memory etc. Contemporary authors speak a lot about how trauma is stored in the body and how bodywork is essential for dealing with trauma. In practical work, body is becoming a fruitful resource in the therapeutic process, and a precious anchor for the client to find inner peace and connect to his or hers own being. Given all the above, this workshop will enable its participants to experience why body is so important in therapy, and how their own body is connected to their psyche. Participants will be guided through body psychotherapy techniques, as well as some free movement. We will be working with body, breathing, muscular tensions, our life energy, visualizations etc. Participants will be invited to go deep into their body, and feel its subtle sensations, to allow themselves to breathe deeply and express their emotions through their body. The workshop will be two hours long and we will work barefoot.
Key words: body, psychotherapy, mindfulness, embodiment, breathing, centering.
PROFESSIONAL GENOGRAM: OLD TOOLS IN NEW PRACTICES
Radmila Vulić Bojović, Nevena Čalovska Hercog, Desanka Nagulić, Saveta Draganić Gajić
Association of Systemic Therapists, Belgrade
27. 9. 2019. 18:15–19:45 room 305
Relational, theoretical, spiritual, social themes affecting and shaping psychotherapist’s practice can be well explored by professional genogram. Training in psychotherapy addresses personal, professional and social narratives and their connectedness. Both trainees and supervisors need to recognize important influential historical threads of various dimensions of their professional development, also identifying messages received from teachers/mentors/supervisors, as well as their adopted and preferred theories in dominant socio-political discourse. Professional genogram can be a potent tool in training process. During this process various relevant questions can emerge. Professional genogram may also, be used in evaluation of training and cross-cultural comparative studies. Questions frequently asked are: How does the society I live in shape my practice? Which theoreticians do I see as a “leaders of change” in the large community of psychotherapists? What kept me going during the learning process and when I was at risk of giving up? Workshop is designed to enable participants to reflect upon different levels in which professional genogram may be applied. For trainees, it can provide tool of acquiring self reflectivity while learning about reflexive process in systemic framework. For trainers and supervisors, it can be a means of questioning their practice, both in training and in therapy, but also a means of testing their influence in teaching and promoting sensitive and efficient psychotherapy. Workshop participants will be asked to engage in interactive exercise offering immediate experience in constructing professional genogram, sharing and discussing this experience.
Key words: genogram, psychotherapy, training.
HOW CAN WE COMPARE TEST SCORES ACROSS GROUPS? ON DIFFERENTIAL RESPONSE FUNCTIONING
Comenius University in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia
28. 9. 2019. 10:30–12:00 room 308
In the field of psychometric testing (either psychological or educational), we often face the task of comparing scores across groups. Do girls perform better than boys in a reading comprehension test? Do patients from the cities display higher levels of neuroticism than those from rural areas? Does the test we develop function similarly for university students and the general population in my country? Simple comparison of scores brings a lot of risk. It is often problematic to suppose that test measures the same construct in the same way for both groups we want to compare. Reasons can be various from test-taking skills (i.e. training in responding to various tests and questionnaires) to much more hidden cultural differences. However, modern psychometric theory based on probabilistic models (IRT) enables us to address these problems. In the IRT framework, a differential response functioning (Chalmers, 2018) offers the opportunity of identifying various aspect of a test bias, such as differential item (DIF), bundle (DBF), and test (DTF) functioning. Differential item functioning (DIF) means that two groups with the same level of a latent variable we want to measure display different probabilities of a particular response to the same item. Now, there is an opportunity to extend this analysis to a bundle of items (DBF) as well to the test as a whole (DTF). Each kind of differential response functioning may reveal different aspects of a test bias. The proposed study is a methodological presentation based on a set of examples from the large scale educational testing in Slovakia. All examples will be presented using the mirt package of a statistical environment R.
Key words: Measurement invariance; Item Response Theory; testing; Differential item functioning.
DISORGANIZED ATTACHMENT PATTERN: RECOGNITION, UNDERSTANDING AND THERAPY
Tatjana Stefanović Stanojević, Milica Tošić Radev, Aleksandra Bogdanović
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Niš
28. 9. 2019. 12:15–13:45 room 305
The first attachment relationship, which has long-term consequences, is formed in childhood, through the sensitivity and responsiveness of the primary caregiver to the children's needs and signals. Responses can be adequate or inadequate, absent or even frightening. Disorganized attached children did not have anyone to handle their traumas, so the trauma remained in them untreated. The disorganized infant behavior does not show the consistency across individuals and the consistent strategy for organizing responses to the need for security when under stress. Since the disorganized attachment pattern is difficult to describe and recognize, as well as it is hard to live with it, the workshop will present numerous instruments of assessment of this attachment pattern, translated and followed by instructions for evaluation and interpretation. Participants will learn how to identify the disorganized children on following techniques: Strange situation; Attachment Question Set –AQS and its shorten versions - Toddler Attachment Sort and Brief Attachment Scale; Autobiographical Emotional Events Dialogues. The way of recognizing the DA pattern will be explained also in the techniques intended for adults: The Adult Attachment Interview and Adult Attachment Projective, as well as some of the most popular questionnaires. Finally, techniques intended solely to assess the disorganization: Adult Disorganized Attachment scale, Caregiving Helplessness Questionnaire, Disturbances in Attachment Interview and Disconnected and extremely Insensitive Parenting will be presented. Some possible therapeutic interventions will also be discussed, with special emphasis on the original domestic therapeutic program – SEP and a presentation of a brief case report.
The workshop is especially intended for domestic practitioners, given the offer of instruments for assessing the disorganized pattern, as well as the therapy and prevention of this pattern and the disorders created on its basis.
Number of participants: 30
Working language: SerbianKey words: Disorganized attachment, trauma, instruments, therapy.