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Virtuelna međunarodna konferencija
XVIII DANI PRIMENJENE PSIHOLOGIJE

- Aktuelni izazovi u psihološkoj nauci -

Prof. dr Jane Ogden

Univerzitet u Suriju, Suri, Ujedinjeno Kraljevstvo

 

Prof. dr Jane
                      OgdenProf. dr Jane Odgen je profesorka zdravstvene psihologije na Univerzitetu u Suriju. Njene naučno-istraživačke oblasti uključuju ponašanje u ishrani i upravljanje gojaznošću, različite aspekte zdravlja žena, komunikaciju prilikom konsultacija u zdravstvenoj zaštiti i iskustvo tokom medicinskih procedura. Autorka je ili koautorka više od 230 članaka. Autorka je 8 knjiga, uključujući udžbenik iz zdravstvene psihologije (Health Psychology: a textbook (2019)), koji sada ima svoje šesto izdanje, The Psychology of Health and Illness (2017),  Essential readings in health psychology (2007), The psychology of eating: From healthy to disordered behaviour (2009), Health and the construction of the individual (2002), kao i Thinking Critically about Research (2018), koja je namenjena svakome ko je zainteresovan za istraživanja. Takođe je napisala knjige namenjene široj publici, uključujući The Psychology of Dieting (2018) i The Good Parenting Food Guide (2014).





                                            Words matter: The impact of language on symptoms and illness
 
Whilst symptoms may have a role for bodily data research indicates that they are also influenced by language with the choice of words impacting upon the perception of symptoms and the ways in which people make sense of their bodies.  This talk will explore why words matter and the impact of language and context on a symptoms such as hunger and pain.   It will also explore the role of communication between health care professional and patient and how the language used in the consultation can change patient health outcomes in the both the immediate and longer term.  For example, qualitative research indicates that symptom perception involves a series of thresholds and that changes in language reflect when symptoms translate from being a sensation to being a perception.  Likewise, cross sectional and longitudinal research indicates that words have different meanings to different populations and that the words used to diagnose a health condition can have a longer term impact on the experience of that condition.  Further, experimental research across a number of different patient groups indicates that the use of medical, lay or patient matched words can change patient’s representations of their health condition and the ways in which they experience their health problems.  Therefore whilst individual words such as ‘snack’, meal’, ‘sore throat’, tonsilitis’, ‘obesity’, ‘heart failure’, ‘depression’ and even just ‘health’ might seem benign they can influence not only sense making and models of illness but how physical symptoms actually feel and their impact on subsequent behaviour.


Prof. dr Karina V. Korostelina

Univerzitet Džordž Mejson, Sjedinjene Američke Države

 

Prof.
                      dr Karina V. KorostelinaProf. dr Karina V. Korostelina je profesorka i direktorka laboratorije usmerene na pomirenje sukoba i međugrupnih podela (Peace Lab on Reconciling Conflict and Intergroup Divisions) u Karter školi za mir i rešavanje konflikata (Carter School for Peace and Conflict Resolution) pri Univerzitetu Džordž Mejson. Sprovodi istraživanja dinamike identiteta i moći u dugotrajnim sukobima. U poslednje vreme usmerena je na proučavanje rezilijentnosti nacije i zajednice, pomirenja, uloge memorije i istorije u društvima koja su u konfliktu i post-konfliktnim društvima. Bila je korisnica Fulbrajtove stipendije i saradnik Vudro Vilson centra, Ekert Instituta, Nacionalnog univerziteta u Singaporu, East-West Centra, Instituta za napredne studije Waseda univerziteta, Fondacije za severoistočnu Aziju, Centralnoevropskog univerziteta i Bellagio centra Fondacije Rokfeler. Dobila je 44 projekta finansirana od strane fondacija kao što su MacArthur, Luce, Spencer, Ebert, Soros, the US Institute of Peace, US National Academy of Education, Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of USDS, USAID, INTAS, IREX, i Council of Europe. Rezultati njenog istraživanja predstavljeni su u više od 90 članaka i poglavlja. Autorka je ili urednica 16 knjiga uključujući: Neighborhood Resilience and Urban Conflict (2021), Trump Effect (2016), International Insult: How Offence Contributes to Conflict (2014), Constructing Narrative of Identity and Power (2013), History Education in the Formation of Social Identity (2013), Why they die? (2012), The Social Identity and  Conflict (2007). Neke od knjiga koje je uređivala su: History Can Bite - History Education in Divided and Post-War Societies (2016), History Education and Post-Conflict Reconciliation (2013), Forming a Culture of Peace (2012), Civilians and Modern War (2012), Identity, Morality and Threat (2006).






Unpredictable Past: Social Identity Approach to Collective Memory and Conflict


This presentation aims to analyze the controversial role and functions of memory sites in the dynamics of identity-based conflict and reconciliation. Memory sites are powerful instruments in the development of representations of the past, validation of power, and valorization of identity meaning.  They do not only provoke immediate reactions of identity groups in society but also impact groups’ agendas for the future.  The embedment of memory sites into dynamics of on-going conflicts reduces their initial ability to provide and support the objective interpretation of  historical data or to contribute to reconciliation. Instead, memory sites become places for political manipulation, communal disputes, and clashes over  collective memory. The presentation explores the interconnections between collective memory, memory sites, and dynamics of identity-based conflict.  It examines collective memory as an ideological construct, discussing how memory sites become intertwined with the transformations of social boundaries  and perceptions of relative deprivation, outgroup threat, collective axiology, and power relations.




Prof. dr Michelangelo Vianello

Univerzitet u Padovi, Padova, Italija

 

Prof. dr Michelangelo VianelloProf. dr Michelangelo Vianello je vanredni profesor psihologije rada i organizacione psihologije na Univerzitetu u Padovi, Italija. Njegova glavna naučno-istraživačka interesovanja uključuju razvoj i međukulturalnu generalizabilnost profesije kao poziva, profesionalnu selekciju i replikabilnost naučnih saznanja. On se zalaže za otvoreni pristup u nauci i reproducibilnost naučnih istraživanja (Open and Reproducible approach) i član je mnogih istraživačkih mreža koje promovišu otvorenu naučnu saradnju, kao što su Psichological Science Accelerator, Project Implicit i Open Science Collaboration. U ulozi je urednika za Discover Psichology, Plos One i Frontiers in Psichology, a recenzent je u mnogim vodećim časopisima, kao što su Perspectives on Psichological Science, kao i za ERC – Research Executive Agency, gde je učestovao u odabiru projekata Horizon 2020. Bio je koordinator velikih istraživačkih grupa u multicentričnim studijama. Autor je ili koautor više od 100 publikacija. Neke od njih su imale značajan uticaj na istraživačku zajednicu i dobile su široku medijsku pokrivenost (npr. OSC, 2015, Estimating the Reproducibility of Psychological Science). Trenutno se bavi proučavanjem efekata kulture na to kako pojedinci percipiraju svoj karijerni poziv.






                                                               Cross-cultural conception of career calling

The concept of calling is deeply rooted in western culture, but research in other cultures is increasing. In the last 25 years, the concept has been applied to work, giving rise to a large and increasing corpus of studies on why and how individuals approach work as a calling. Researchers from many non-Western nations began to study the construct of career calling, which seemed to be relevant in their societies. Yet, whether calling is conceptualized equivalently across cultures is an open and pressing question. Most studies adopted an “imposed etic” approach, assuming rather testing that the construct is the same across cultures. Also, many authors would agree that the concept of calling does not exist outside Christianity. In this talk, I will firstly introduce the concept of calling and its western roots, then derive from the many western definitions a comprehensive approach to the study of calling with seven facets. I will then present a theoretical cross-cultural analysis of the most widespread religious traditions that support the notion that calling is a universal human experience of work. I will then present the results of a study that tested this hypothesis across six nations (N = 2491): India, Turkey, China, Italy, the United States, and The Netherlands. We observed that the multidimensional structure of calling and the relative importance of the different dimensions of calling in defining the construct are the same across cultures, and that the overall level of calling is surprisingly higher in non-western countries. Small cross-cultural differences in the intensity with which people from different countries approach their calling domain were observed and will be discussed. Comparisons conducted at the level of facets indicated that Italian and Dutch participants scored lower in Transcendent Summons and Pervasiveness, while Chinese participants scored the highest. Callings in India are especially high in the Purpose and Identity components. Overall, these results are compatible with the notion that calling is a universal human experience, and that culture differently influences the levels of calling’s dimensions but not their importance in defining the construct. Finally, some untested insights will be given on why calling was observed to be higher in non-Western countries.